For this Week in Roman 9–11, Paul reveals his Soteriology regarding both Jews and Gentile. first with Jews, In Romans 9:6–8 Pauls begins to explain the difference between the believing Jews and the unbelieving Jew. He creates this distinction with Abraham the father of faith who believed God and it was credited to him as righteousness. and also the seed of Abraham who was God’s chosen choice among Abraham's two offspring. In Romans 10 Paul refines the ide of those chosen by God to bear the same faith that Abraham had. In Roman 10: 4, He says, “ For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone who believes.” In roman 2, Paul deals with the reward of the law that brings death for none are righteous. Judaism's teaching is Law centric in Judaism, it is believed that a man can be righteous through the law but here Paul is stating the deception of the legal ramifications of the law. Paul’s treatise on God’s Judgement regarding the Law was in Roman 2:12 -29. Now with all this said when Paul creates a separation between the Jews who have faith and the Jews who live by the law he makes clear that those who are children of Abraham are those who live by their faith in Jesus Christ the God-sent redeemer. The Remnants are those jews who Paul believes will be saved in the last days when they finally come to saving faith in Jesus Christ as the Son of God. He teaches that due to their temporary Harding Salvation has come to the gentiles. Ultimately Israel will later Come to believe in Jesus as the Messiah as the Gentiles do and that will be Israel’s reconciliation to God.
“So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous. 12Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion mean!
13Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry 14in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them. 15For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead? 16If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches.” Roman 11:11–16